Are you one of the many who would like to buy a gun over the internet BUT are worried it is hard, complex, and scary? Can you get into legal troubles or otherwise be sorry you used Internet commerce to purchase your next firearm?
Legal Restrictions: Yes, you can purchase firearms and ammunition over the internet, but restrictions do apply. The exceptions to this are those Americans living in locations which ban certain weapons. If it is illegal to buy it in your neighborhood, you can not get it online either. Places like New York state, Illinois state, Chicago and Cook County Illinois, California, Washington D.C., and now Colorado --- have enacted laws which severely restrict gun purchases of many types. If you are unsure, check with your Secretary of State office, a friendly firearms dealer (who is an FFL holder), an other knowledgeable source about your area.
Simple purchases usually require only that an "FFL" (Federal Firearms License) holder who is licensed by the Federal Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (ATF) register the transaction and perform a background check. These background checks are done differently in various states but generally confirm your residency, your criminal history, your mental stability, any court actions, and your military history qualify your buying a gun legally. The check will also records and confirms the gun serial number certifying it is not a stolen gun.